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2020年成人高考專升本《英語》模擬試題19

時間:2020年02月25日 廣州成考網,專注成人高考

導讀:成人高考英語是相對于專升本考生比較重要的科目。為方便考生,廣州成考網的小編整理了成人高考專升本《英語》模擬試題,以下是“2020年成人高考專升本《英語》模擬試題19”,希望對大家有用!

Passage

Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worlide.Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts(干旱) are causing famine and distress in some areas,and industrial and agriculturalbyproducts are polluting water supplies.Since the world's population is expected to double in the next 50 years,many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis.

But that doesn't have to be the outcome.Water shortages don't have to trouble the world—if we start valuing water more than we have in the past.Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises,today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective.We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much aswe like in any way we want.

Instead,for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor,governments should price water to reflect its actual value.This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs.

Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways.For example,often the cheapest way to provide irrigation(灌溉) water in the dry tropics is through smallscale projects,such as gathering rainfall in depressions(洼地) and pumping it to nearby crop land。

No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently,they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water use.Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local,regional and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use,countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water supply.

1.What is the real cause of the potential water crisis?

A.Only half of the world's water can be used.

B.The world population is increasing faster and faster.

C.Half of the world's water resources have been seriously polluted.

D.Humanity has not placed sufficient value on water resources.

2.As indicated in the passage,the water problem——

A.is already serious in certain parts of the world

B.has been exaggerated by some experts in the field

C.poses a challenge to the technology of building reservoirs

D.is understated by government organiations at different level

3.According to the author,the water price should——

A.be reduced to the minimumB.stimulate domestic demand

C.correspond to its real valueD.take into account the occurrences ofdroughts

4.The author says that in some hot and dry areas it is advisable to ——.

A.build big lakes to store water?

B.construct big pumping stations

C.build small and cheap irrigation systems?

D.channel water from nearby rivers to cropland

5.In order to raise the efficiency of the water supply,measures should be taken to ————

A.guarantee full protection of the environment

B.centralie the management of water resources

C.increase the sense of responsibility of agencies at all levels

D.encourage local and regional control of water resources

Passage

People in Shanghai can quench their thirst(解渴) with high quality water if the Shanghai Water Authority (SWA) is able to make good on its word.It has vowed(發誓) to make the city's water match its status as a worldclass city。

“The current tap water quality meets national standards,but,compared with that of the European Union and the United States,it still needs to be improved,”said the SWA's director general,hang Jiayi.

The Shanghai Special Water Supply Layout calls for residents to be able to drinkthe tap water without boiling it,in less than a decade.

In other developed countries,water fountains can be found almost everywhere—people do not bother with bottled drinking water.

By 2020,the water of the Huangpu River will be treated to reduce the amount of organic(有機物的) waste in it.This initiative(倡議) is to be completed in the first half of this year,hang said.

Major water works that draw water from the Huangpu will need more treatment facilities to improve the color,texture(結構),ammonia(氨)and nitrogen(氮) content before 2010.

These treatment facilities are expected to cost 4 billion yuan,something that could affect the price of water,according to Chen Yin,SWA's deputy director general.

Chen said that replacing water pipes was also a key project.The city's aged pipes are mostly to blame for the bad water quality.

The SWA has started the water facilities renovation(整修) work,including the more than 14,000 kilometers of indoor piping,107,000 tanks on top of the buildings,and more than 6,000 underground facilities.

World Water Day came on March 22,and this year's theme is“water for the future”.Beijing is also drawing up plans during China's Water Week,which runs until March 28.

By 2008,the water for the Olympic Games is to above World Health Organiation standards.And,the people of Beijing will be able to drink their tap water as well.

(From 21st CenturyMarch 27,2003)

1.What does the italicied word“it”mean in the second paragraph?

A.The current tap water.?

B.The quality of current tap water.

C.National standards.?

D.The tap water of the European Union and the US.

2.People in Shanghai can drink their tap water.————

A.By 2020 B.in the first half of this year

C.before 2010 D.by 2008

3.What step need not be taken in order to improve the tap water?

A.The water of the Huangpu River will be treated.

B.Aged water pipes will be treated.

C.Water facilities must be renovated.

D.Water fountains must be found.

4.Which is the correct order of the following events?

a.People of Shanghai can quench their thirst with high quality water.

b.The tap water quality meets national standards.

c.The water of Shanghai reaches the standards of developed countries.

d.The people of Beijing drink their tap water.?

e.The treatment of the water of Huangpu River has been finished.

A.e,d,a,b,c B.b,d,e,a,c

C.e,d,b,c,a D.b,e,d,c,a

5.What is the main idea of the passage?

A.The cost of treating the tap water.

B.How to reach the water standards of developed countries.

C.The project for making tap water drinkable in Shanghai and Beijing.

D.The progress of treating the water of Huangpu River.?

2020年成人高考專升本《英語》模擬試題19參考答案

Passage

1.細節題。潛在的水危機的真正原因是什么?四個選項分別是:選項A世界上的水只有一半可以利用;選項D世界人口增長越來越快;選項C世界水源的一半已被污染;選項人類對水源還沒有足夠的重視。相關信息在第一段最后一句:因世界人口在未來的50年里翻一番,所以許多專家認為我們正處于大范圍水危機的邊緣。接著,第二段前兩句語氣一轉說:但是結果未必如此。如果我們現在開始珍視水,水短缺也許不會令世界不安。就像20世紀70年代石油危機后開始珍視石油一樣,今天我們必須以一種新的經濟視角來看待水。根上面的陳述,答案為D。?

2.推斷題。正如文章所述,水問題:選項A在世界的某些地方已是嚴重的問題;選項B被這個領域的一些專家夸大;選項C對建造水庫的技術提出了質疑;選項D被不同級別的政府部門低估。根據文章首段第一句和第二句:雖然人類用水量還不到世界現有水的一半,但是一些地區的饑荒和困境卻是缺水和干旱造成的。既然饑荒和困境因缺水和干旱而起,顯然水問題已是一個不容忽視的問題。答案為A。?

3.由第三段第1句可知,答案為C。?

4.文中第四段作了具體闡述。答案為C。?

5.由文中最后一句可知,答案為B。?

Passage

1.從第二段一開始就提到了“the current tap water quality”,“it”就是指上文提到的自來水的質量。答案為B。?

2.從文中第六段可以找到。答案為C。?

3.A、B、C在文中都提到,但是D沒有,說明它沒有必要。答案為D。?

4.根據文章中所提到的它們的順序可以得出答案。答案為B。?

5.這篇文章主要講述北京和上海的水質量改善問題。答案為C。?

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